In Venice, the Squero are shipyards where the gondolas are built, repaired and arranged. The word Squero comes from the Italian set square, a tool of fundamental work for the master of Axe, which in dialect is said Squara.

 

 

Once they were located along the Grand Canal, today only two have a secular tradition: the Squero of San Trovaso, located in the Rio di San Trovaso near the Zattere, is the historical squero even at the time of Goldoni; And the Squero of Tramontin which has a family tradition of Squeraroli from the 1884, which is located in Fondamenta degli Ognissanti near San Sebastian.

Another 3 squeri of the most recent activity are: The Squero Bonaldi which is located near that of Tramontin, the Squero of Costantini and De Rossi opened since 1985 and the one at the Giudecca of Gianfranco Vianello alias Crea winner of Regata Storica and skillful gondolier.

 

The Squerarolo is a craftsman who realizes each time unique pieces because the gondolas are in all respects. In fact, every gondola is made to measure for its gondolier: according to its weight and its height the iron of the bow has a different weight to balance the gondola itself and the Forcola on which the oar rests is positioned depending on the length of the arms of the gondolier.
In short, a complex and careful work that requires a lot of experience. Even today the artisan tradition of the construction of gondolas is handed down from father to son or master to apprentice.

 

The gondola has a length of 11 m, a maximum width of 1.42 meters and a net weight of 350 kg. The hull has an asymmetric shape to make navigation easier. It consists of 280 parts all in wood and some metal parts, the most important of which is the bow iron, which weighs between 12 and 15 kg and its six teeth represent the Sestieri: San Marco, Dorsoduro, Santa Croce, San Polo, Castello, Cannaregio and the latter represents Giudecca.